Fleahopper on cotton leaf.
Crop progress continues below basic drought circumstances regardless of a number of popcorn or cotton showers which have been rummaging by way of the previous week or extra. These convective showers have been useful, however by their nature haven’t been widespread or dropped mush rain with loads of acres not receiving something besides a little bit of cloud cowl and outflow winds.
Quantities of moisture that I’ve swiftly gathered point out a spread from none as much as 0.75-inches with most receiving lower than 0.25-inches if any was acquired. Whereas nowhere close to a drought breaking rain occasion, particularly with excessive temperatures this week, any quantity is useful as irrigation methods wrestle to maintain up with warmth items and the primary half of crop growth.
Most space summer season grain crops are exhibiting drought stress through the warmth of the day with peak water use and pollination simply across the nook, if not already began.
Irrigated cotton appears to be holding up however the few early fields within the space that began sporting their first blooms this week put these blooms on between 5 and nodes above white flower.
In the meantime on the opposite finish of the crop growth spectrum, the few late planted grain fields are germinating will within the temperatures, however many youthful cotton fields want irrigation simply to develop however are consuming every thing utilized and focusing a bit an excessive amount of vegetative development somewhat that rooting nicely and setting younger fruit.
A number of pest species are in our PPM crops, doing nicely within the warmth, however have solely been within the periphery or brought on solely nickel and dime harm
Our PPM area scouting program cotton ranged in stage from a really late and careworn 4th true leaf stage as much as an early 1st bloom with most fields coming in round ½ to ¾ grown sq. stage. Fleahoppers once more had been our largest concern.
With most fields in no less than their third week of sq. set, few fields didn’t have some degree of fleahopper strain. A few of these fleahoppers had been once more of the black kind along with the same old inexperienced species. Our highest area got here in with an equal to 14.3 fleahopper infested terminals with our highest fruit drop got here in at 16.5%, neither had been at our thresholds to set off fleahopper therapy.
To date virtually all of our fleahoppers present in our information units have been adults. That is odd to solely see grownup fleahoppers for 3 weeks in a area with little to no replica and ensuing nymphs. These creating nymphs sometimes should not as cellular because the adults and might solely stay within the area and on the plant terminals raking up harm and triggering management measures.
For no matter cause, we’re simply not seeing very many nymphs. Generally, predatory arthropods lend a serving to hand in managing these nymphs, stopping farther management measures, however we simply should not seeing that degree of predator populations up to now.
With out extra data, the present drought and environmental state of affairs looks like our greatest hypothetical wrongdoer relating to the dearth of nymphs in-field. We is likely to be seeing some minor profit to the environmental circumstances.
In about 20% of our cotton fields we have now began selecting up Lygus additionally. All of those have been adults additionally. I totally anticipate finding a area that can should be handled for plant bugs quickly and I believe it might be of a combined inhabitants of Lygus and fleahoppers with each species of nymphs current.
We additionally picked up a couple of bollworms and cotton sq. borers in our non-Bt fields and a few feeding harm in different fields a long way away from corn fields. We’re nonetheless not seeing any worms or feeding in cotton close to corn fields, a vastly extra most well-liked host plant.
Our highest worm inhabitants was 726 small worms per acre witch resulted in a 1.1% harvestable fruit harm. That is very early for these pests to maneuver into cotton and we must always regulate our thresholds accordingly, however this area was not treatable but.
Corn & Sorghum
In our scouting program, we have now some extra late planted sorghum that went in simply this week and is simply now germinating. Our older sorghum is at VX stage with just some flag leaves coming out. We nonetheless should not seeing any sorghum aphids, previously generally known as the sugarcane aphid, though populations have been famous in Lubbock and Muleshoe areas.
Fall armyworm feeding stays mild and within the whorl up to now, with solely about 1 in 10 vegetation hit and foliar harm on these vegetation stays beneath 1% foliage loss. We have now picked up a couple of yellow surgarcane aphid broken decrease leaves, however this stays nicely beneath ET too.
Our corn can be in VX levels with a couple of tassels poking our additionally. Banks grass mites (BGM) continued to develop throughout the sector, however solely on the decrease 1 or 2 leaves (-6 leaf or so) and in small dime to quarter sized colonies giving them a 0.5-1.5 harm ranking relying on location within the area.
If the mites proceed this growth, and it’s anticipated they’ll as publish tasseled, barely careworn corn normally ends in an excellent circumstances for them, we could possibly be at or close to ET very quickly. ET on the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension mite harm ranking system could be a 3.5 to 4 (30-40% leaves with colonies masking about 30-40% of the leaf).
No different pests of observe had been present in our corn, not counting the heavy corn earworm (bollworm) egglay that has been witnessed. Solely below excessive conditions are CEW financial in Excessive Plains Corn.
variety of eggs and lure numbers close to corn, together with the FAW, and we must be waiting for extreme strain on the ear (greater than 1 worm per ear) and searching rigorously for side-ear feeding, which is thought to be far more damaging that tip feeding alone because it additionally introduces illness a lot worse.
Grasshopper state of affairs
I’m nonetheless unsure how widespread this concern is, however strain on inexperienced areas in pastures close by gardens and horticultural are-as southern Swisher are definitely experiencing a heavy grasshopper nymph inhabitants transfer into them. I captured these photos from a non-ag web site go to this week within the space.
Tons of of grasshopper nymphs of various species had moved right into a rural horticultural space a couple of days earlier than, devastating vegetation. It stays to be seen how a lot or if the sunshine current rains will assist this case because it has progressed this far.